Australia, its history and location.
Australia, legally called the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign nation which is one of the territory of Oceania. It is the major continental mass that occupies the Sahul platform and is also surrounded by the Indian, Antarctic and Pacific Glaciers oceans; it is separated from Asia by the oceans of Timor And Arafura. It is bordered by the nations East Timor Papuan New Guinea And Indonesia the north, Vanuatu, the French depedency of New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands the northeast part, as well as New Zealand to the southeast.
So how exactly does historic past of Australia start?
Historical past of Australia goes back to the time men arrived on its land for the first time. Australian aborigines arrived with boat through the southeast of the Eurasian continent roughly 60,000 years ago, nevertheless, the particular date is in debate given that Australian history is thought to be some thousands of years more extensive since there are no articles of human being events prior to contact with Europeans. And, also, around 1,000,000 aborigines already occupied the place when they colonized it.
It is said that Australia was discovered in the Sixteenth century by Spanish and Portuguese sailors, however they held the information secret for ideal motives. After that, Dutch explorers made the first sighting a hundred years later. However, they considered it an uninhabitable area that was not suitable for colonization and also left free passage to later British “”.
Captain James Cook.
Even though there had been some other European incursions in past times, what is considered the most satisfactory exploration of Australia was done in the 18th century by the English captain James Cook, who landed in 1770, claimed the territory for the British crown and also got ownership of the Southeast of the tropical island in the identity of the king of England.
Cook’s breakthroughs and the acceptance of his reports by English government, made possible the very first European settlement around the place, so it is common to hear that Cook is the great discoverer the the southern area of land, even though the real discovery happened over 160 years just before his trip.
England was particularly interested in Australia for the reason that found it as a possible solution to the problem of overpopulation they suffered during that time because of the loss in the THIRTEEN American colonies and it was thought to transfer a portion of its inhabitants there. For that reason, on March 13, 1787, 11 1st Navy boats left Portsmouth, England, towards Botany Bay, Australia . In that way, settlers came and filled the area whilst displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and illnesses.
It became a Federation.
As soon as the twentieth century arrived, Australia didn’t exist as a country: it consisted of a conglomerate of autonomous states and colonies. But in 1901, the 6 different states decided in a referendum to become a federation and they also hand picked the common flag that today remains the flag of Australia.
Following the formation of Australia as a nation, it had been meant to inflict a legislation on immigration control. Nevertheless, when World War II concluded, several migrants coming from various locations found its way to the country and, at this time, it is the house of people from various parts of the earth.
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